Valley to stand out that intention is not to camouflage the social problems, politicians economic faced for this continent, but yes, to take the pupils to study the history and geography of Africa to understand the reasons for which this continent has serious problems. He is clearly that, so that this happens satisfactorily, the paper and the disposal of the educators is basic, therefore the professors must be sensetized; the proposals need to be argued and to be reformulated with the group; a continued formation is necessary that allows to the reflection and the update on the subject, since the didactic books, only source for many educators, are outdated in relation to this thematic one, when denying, most of the time, the presence of the blacks in the composition of the society and approaching the African continent under a chaotic perspective and of misery. Thus, inside of the proposal to work in the school the valuation of the culture afro-Brazilian, she is necessary to promote a space cultural to express the art and the black culture, developing different activities, such as, capoeira its importance; the musicalidade and the instruments, detaching its presence in the Brazilian musical formation; the choreographies based on the black roots and the teatralidade of texts of the African culture. Therefore we know that music, among others arts, has been recognized as essential part of the history of the civilization and is an excellent instrument for the development of diverse capacities human beings, between them the self-knowledge, the identification and the rescue of auto-esteem of the pupils afro-descendants. Moreover, music, art and culture are important points in the conception and formation of any person. With the appropriation of this knowledge and the rescue of African history, the exercise of the citizenship and the experience of other cultures are practised in the pertaining to school environment, what it favors the formation of citizens with habits and attitudes based on the ethical values. Of this form, one searchs to develop transforming actions, pautadas in the respect and valuation, that are capable to modify people and, therefore, the society.